Lockheed L-10A Electra

  • A U.S.-made, small, twin-engine transport airplane that carried two crew and ten passengers, produced by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation from 1934 to 1941
  • Lockheed’s first all-metal design; ended up competing with the Boeing 247 and the Douglas DC-2
  • Canada’s first modern airliner; two Lockheed 10As were flown by Canadian Airways on the Vancouver–Seattle route in 1936
  • Flown by Amelia Earhart on the around-the-world flight in which she and her navigator were lost over the Pacific Ocean in 1937
  • Served in northern Canada in 1937 in the search for missing Soviet pilot Sigismund Levanevsky and crew
Period
Interwar (1919-1938)
Uses
Airliner
First Flight
February 22, 1934
Display Status
On the Museum Floor

Background History

The 10A, Lockheed’s first all-metal design, was a relatively small twin-engine transport which followed the trend set by the Boeing 247. The Lockheed 10A was used by a number of airlines in the United States and abroad. The two Lockheed 10As that began service in 1936 with Canadian Airways on the Vancouver-Seattle route were Canada’s first modern airliners. Trans-Canada Air Lines bought these two aircraft and ordered three more. These and other 10As were acquired by the RCAF during Second World War, and later sold to private operators.

In 1937 Amelia Earhart was flying a Lockheed 10E on a round-the-world flight when she was lost over the Pacific Ocean. The Museum aircraft was flown around the world by Ann Pellegreno between June 7 and July 10, 1967, to commemorate Earhart’s last flight.

Museum Example

Registration #
CF-TCA
Manufacturer
Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, United States
Manufacture Date
1937
Construction #
1112
Acquisition Date
1968
Provenance
Donation from Air Canada
Museum Catalogue #
1968.0892.001

Manufactured in 1937, this Electra was the first new aircraft purchased by Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA). Transferred to the RCAF in 1939, it was then used as a transport plane for six years, with a brief interruption in 1941, when it was loaned back to TCA for six months. From 1946 to 1962, it was owned by a number of individuals and companies, both in Canada and the United States.

Lee Koepke purchased this aircraft in 1962. It was rebuilt, and then flown around the world by Ann Pellegreno to commemorate Amelia Earhart’s fatal 1937 flight. Air Canada acquired the aircraft in 1968, restored it and donated it to the Museum. It was displayed at Expo 86 in Vancouver, British Columbia and is now on permanent exhibit in the Museum.

Technical Specifications

   

 

Wing Span 16.8 m (55 ft)
Length 11.8 m (38 ft 7 in)
Height 3.1 m (10 ft 1 in)
Weight, Empty 2,927 kg (6,454 lb)
Weight, Gross 4,672 kg (10,300 lb)
Cruising Speed 306 km/h (190 mph)
Max Speed 325 km/h (202 mph)
Rate of Climb 347 m (1,140 ft) /min
Service Ceiling 5,910 m (19,400 ft)
Range 885 km (550 mi)
Power Plant two Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Jr., 450 hp, radial engines