Sikorsky S-55 HO4S-3

  • American-built helicopter used during the 1950s and 1960s for various purposes, including civilian and military transportation
  • Flown by the military and naval forces of thirty-six countries, including the RCAF and RCN
  • Used to develop "the Beartrap": a highly innovative device still used today to safely land helicopters on small warships
  • Became the first certified transport helicopter, the first helicopter to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, and the first helicopter to be equipped with anti-submarine sonar and torpedoes
Period
Postwar (1945-1959)
Uses
Search and Rescue
First Flight
November 10, 1949
Display Status
On the Museum Floor.

Background History

The S-55 was the first helicopter with both the space and power to carry large loads. It was in heavy demand by both civil and military operators. Okanagan Helicopters operated 21 S-55s while the RCAF flew 15 transport versions and the RCN operated 13 HO4S-3. A total of 1 100 were built in the United States and a further 550 in other countries. The HO4S-3 retired from Canadian service in 1970.

The S-55 was the world’s first certified transport helicopter, the first helicopter to fly the Atlantic, and the first equipped with anti-submarine sonar and torpedoes. The HO4S-3 was used by the RCN to develop and test "Beartrap" equipment which allowed large helicopters to operate from anti-submarine frigates in the open ocean.

Museum Example

Registration #
55877 (RCN)
Manufacturer
Sikorsky Aircraft Division of United Aircraft Corporation, United States
Manufacture Date
1955
Construction #
555877
Acquisition Date
1970/dd>
Provenance
Donated by CAF
Museum Catalogue #
1970.1486

Built in 1955, this S-55, known as "Shearwater Angel," served the RCN for fifteen years until 1970, when it was retired and donated to the Museum. It participated in eight rescue missions and was credited with rescuing thirty-two people and four animals over its lifetime. Eight maple leaves decorate the nose of the helicopter, one for each rescue mission.

Its most famous mission was its rescue of twenty-one crew members of the Liberian freighter Kismet II, along with the ship's dog and cat, which took place on November 26, 1955 off the coast of Cape Breton Island.

Technical Specifications

 

Rotor diameter: 16.2 m (53 ft)
Length 12.9 m (42 ft 2 in)
Height 4.5 m (14 ft 8 in)
Weight, Empty 2,380 kg (5,250 lb)
Weight, Gross 3,420 kg (7,540 lb)
Cruising Speed 148 km/h (91 mph)
Max Speed 180 km/h (112 mph)
Rate of Climb 311 m (1,200 ft) /min
Service Ceiling 3,231 m (10,600 ft)
Range 570 km (360 mi)
Power Plant one Wright R-1300-3D Cyclone 7, 600 hp radial engine