Canadian Aeroplanes Limited

At the outset of the First World War, many people—including Canada's Minister of Militia and Defence Samuel Hughes—considered airplanes impractical. Beyond facilitating the occasional reconnaissance mission, it was difficult to imagine airplanes playing a part in the war. And yet, just two years later, in 1916, the airplane was well on its way to becoming an essential element in modern warfare: it was needed not only in reconnaissance but also in battle. Recognition of this evolving role, combined with the realization that the high number of casualties amongst Royal Flying Corps pilots was related to a lack of training, led to the establishment of the first military-backed, government-supported flight training program in Canada. Furthermore, the need for aircraft in which to train these pilots prompted creation of the first Canadian company to mass-produce aircraft: Canadian Aeroplanes Limited.

A Maurice Farman S.11 Shorthorn aircraft, an early First World War aircraft. <br />(CAVM 24187)
Recovering the wreckage of a Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c, an early First World War aircraft.<br />(CAVM 26442)
The need for aircraft in Canada led to the establishment of the Canadian Aeroplanes Limited factory, Toronto, Ontario, 1918.<br />(CAVM 17736)